The human race is currently being threatened by diseases, lack of tolerance toward others, terrorism and capitalism accompanied with monopoly.


On October 20, 2004 the world witnessed the first version of the Operating System that changed the way we saw Linux.


While I was looking for Steve Jobs history to write the previous post, I researched about a company called NeXT Inc. It was founded by Steve Jobs when he has fired from Apple.


Today the world received a terrible news; the person that believed that computers could improve our personal lives rather than for large companies only has died.


When Samsung launched the Samsung Galaxy S, I knew instantly that it was made to compete directly with Apple.

Wednesday, March 13, 2013

Ford Built Ford Tough

Sunday, October 30, 2011


SEATTLE - It seems not a week goes by these days without news of another patent battle or announcement: Microsoft reaching licensing agreements with various device manufacturers. Apple and various handset manufacturers filing suits and countersuits. Oracle suing Google over the use of Java in Android.

Not to mention barbed digs and jabs that company executives trade over blogs, Twitter and news releases.

One example:

After Microsoft and Samsung announced a patent-licensing agreement last month involving Google’s Android operating system, Google issued a statement saying, in part: "This is the same tactic we’ve seen time and again from Microsoft. Failing to succeed in the smartphone market, they are resorting to legal measures to extort profit from others’ achievements and hinder the pace of innovation."

Microsoft’s PR chief Frank Shaw shot back via Twitter: "Let me boil down the Google statement ... from 48 words to 1: Waaaah."

So what gives? What’s up with the spate of patent petulance?

The answer is that they’re visible signs that technology companies’ patent practices have evolved from using them to defend their own inventions to deploying them as a significant part of competitive strategies in the fast-growing mobile market.

And Microsoft serves as a key example of that.

At issue in Microsoft’s current patent wrangling is its contention that Android - the mobile operating system developed and offered to manufacturers for free by Google - has certain features that infringe on Microsoft’s patents.

Whether Android does indeed infringe on those patents is up to the courts to decide, said a Google spokesman who questioned whether many of the software patents at issue are overbroad or vague.

One Google attorney has accused Microsoft, along with Apple, Oracle and other companies, of "a hostile, organized campaign against Android," when those companies formed a coalition to buy old patents from two tech companies. (Microsoft countered with tweets saying Google had voluntarily declined to jointly bid with Microsoft for some of the patents.)

In just the past two years, Microsoft has reached agreements with 10 smartphone and tablet manufacturers that use Android on devices they produce, most recently with Compal, a company that designs and makes computers branded by other companies. (It has sued Motorola, after the two sides couldn’t come to an agreement, as well as Barnes & Noble over the Nook e-reader and Nook Colour tablets, which run on Android software.)

Microsoft says it’s trying to protect its investment in research and development - an investment resulting in some 32,000 current and 36,500 pending patents. It consistently ranks among the top three computer-software patent holders in the U.S.

One reason these patent issues are being negotiated now is because smartphones are computing devices with features that "are generally in the sweet spot of the innovations investments Microsoft has made in the past 20 years," said Microsoft Deputy General Counsel Horacio Gutierrez.

Negotiating license fees or filing a lawsuit is about protecting the value of the company’s patent portfolio and ensuring there’s respect for them, just as Microsoft respects other companies’ patents by paying licensing fees - about $4.5 billion over the past 10 years - the company’s attorneys say.

By some estimates, 1,000 to 2,000 of the company’s patents are at issue in these disputes over smartphone and tablet technologies - a figure that Microsoft declined to either confirm or deny.

In its case against Motorola, the company alleges infringement of seven patents, including those covering context-sensitive menu systems and behavior and methods and systems for managing changes to a contact database.

In the Barnes & Noble case, Microsoft alleges infringement of five patents, including those that involve natural ways of interacting with devices by tabbing through various screens, surfing the Web more quickly, and interacting with documents and e-books.

Microsoft typically approaches companies it thinks infringe on its patents by first raising the issue in a general way, said Microsoft General Counsel Brad Smith.

"If someone wants to see specific patents, we’re prepared to share specific patents with them," but the general understanding during negotiations is that there probably are even more patents involved.

Microsoft’s preference, he said, is to reach licensing agreements rather than battle it out in court. The company has negotiated such agreements with major manufacturers of Android devices, including Samsung, HTC and Acer, which together hold more than half of the U.S. Android smartphone market share by units. It’s also reached similar agreements with major original design manufacturers that produce devices branded by other companies.

In many patent negotiations, bringing up the larger, vaguer threat of "we have thousands of patents, you infringe on some of them and we’re willing to go the distance to sue you" is enough to start negotiations for a settlement, said Andrew Torrance, a visiting law professor at the University of Washington who specializes in intellectual property and patents.

About 1 in 1,000 such disputes reach a final court decision, with most having settled well before then, he said.

There’s no arguing Microsoft is gaining a lot strategically from its patents: financially, legally and competitively.

Royalties from Android phones have become a fairly significant revenue stream.

Investment firm Goldman Sachs has estimated that, based on royalties of $3 to $6 per device, Microsoft will get about $444 million in fiscal year 2012 from Android-based device makers with whom it has negotiated agreements.

Some think that estimate may be low.

Microsoft is not disclosing how much it gets in royalties, but Smith, the company’s attorney, has said $5 per device "seems like a fair price."

Various tech companies wield patents also to slow down competitors or to frustrate, and sometimes stop, a rival from entering a market.

Because the mobile market is still so new, companies are "fighting it out in any way they can," with products, marketing - and patent portfolios, said Torrance, the law professor.

The patent issue can also be another way for Microsoft to position itself vis-a-vis its competitors when trying to persuade phone makers to go with Microsoft.

Google offers Android for free, the argument goes, but it really isn’t because the phone makers will end up paying royalties to Microsoft. Wouldn’t it be better to just pay a licensing fee for Windows Phone?

While "Job 1 is to produce the best phone software in the world," Microsoft attorney Smith said, the company is also "able to offer our partners a strong IP and patent-value proposition for Windows Phone software."

Beyond all that, there may be still another layer at work, surmises David Martin, chairman of M-CAM Inc., a finance company.

What Microsoft is doing, he believes, is playing a long game, trying to isolate Google, both from the best patent lawyers and from manufacturers who could otherwise stand by Google’s side should there eventually be a direct legal battle with Microsoft.

Martin sees it like this:

Microsoft has been negotiating with handset manufacturers such as HTC and Samsung in preparation for eventually taking on Google.

If or when it does, he says, lawyers who’ve been involved in negotiating patent settlements with Microsoft - i.e. some of the best patent lawyers in the country - would likely be unavailable to Google because they would almost certainly have conflicts of interest.

Licensing agreements that Microsoft crafts now could have another strategic legal benefit, Martin said.

"If Microsoft succeeds in getting cross-licensing settlements with a bunch of (manufacturers), it leaves Google with little opportunity to use a class defense," he said.

Under a class-defense scenario, Google would try to reach out to a Samsung or Motorola so that together they can say: "a number of us agree that Microsoft’s patents are not that valuable or valid," Martin said. But most cross-licensing agreements stipulate that neither party will claim that the other’s patents are invalid.

"The more companies and portfolios are impaired through Microsoft cross-licensing settlements, the fewer companies Google has to turn to," Martin said.

In response to Martin’s theory about Microsoft trying to tie up all the best patent lawyers, Microsoft’s Smith said: "That one doesn’t come close to reality."

Of Martin’s second theory, Smith said: "I don’t think this is the legal field that’s right for class defenses, class cases."

In addition, added Gutierrez, Microsoft generally doesn’t include in its licensing agreements a provision that prohibits either party from proclaiming the other’s patents invalid.

A Google spokesman said that even if Martin’s theories are correct, that wouldn’t prevent Google from asking for a re-examination of whether the patents in play are too broad.

And the simple fact is that Android still holds the largest share of the smartphone market and is continuing to grow, he said.

Several experts say they expect these patent battles to sort themselves out over the next few years.

Torrance, the law professor, draws a comparison to the early days of the PC when similar skirmishes over patents eventually settled down to "an uneasy peace" where rivals realized they had enough firepower to harm one another.

"I think we’re in the early stages of a similar battle in mobile computing, which will eventually settle down like it did with PC computing," Torrance said. "But it will take a lot more cases."


Here are some details of Microsoft patent actions

- Licensing deals: Microsoft says it has reached 1,133 licensing agreements covering a variety of technologies, including operating systems and networking technologies, not just features used in smartphones.

- Android deals: In its patent battles over Android features, Microsoft has reached licensing agreements with 10 manufacturing companies: Samsung, HTC, Acer, ViewSonic, General Dynamics Itronix, Onkyo, Velocity Micro, Wistron, Quanta Computer and Compal.

- Android battles: Microsoft is in litigation with four companies over Android features: Motorola Mobility, Barnes & Noble, Foxconn and Inventec.

- Other battles: Other continuing patent battles related to devices running on Android include Oracle’s lawsuit against Google, and Apple’s lawsuits against HTC, Samsung and Motorola. (Some handset manufacturers, including Samsung, Motorola and Nokia, have also sued Apple, claiming Apple violated their patents on some its mobile devices.)

© Copyright (c) Los Angeles Times

Thursday, October 27, 2011

Orange Ribbon Campaign

The human race is currently being threatened by diseases, lack of tolerance toward others, terrorism and capitalism accompanied with monopoly. We all admit that Microsoft is the biggest and strongest software firm in the whole world; Even Steve Jobs (1955-2011) recognized that the personal computers war was won by Microsoft a long time ago. I even recognize that Bill Gates is an awesome business man and that he is good accumulating money. We are all fine with Microsoft's success and wealth. But that is not enough for them because they want more. They are wondering to monopolize the cyber world and make the whole humanity to pay royalties to them. And if you do not believe me, believe CNN article about Microsoft trying to take control over the world

We live on a dangerous world, therefore we need to join forces in order to combat common problems like hunger, analphabetism, extreme poverty and illness like cancer. It is very important to vanish all political barriers in order to defeat all threats against humanity. Here is where Ubuntu shows up (not the operating system but kind of..). The South African philosophy of Ubuntu states that instead of looking for differences we need to look for similarities among humans and work together to achieve common goals.

On this post I am begging you to join forces with me and kill the cancer that is tearing down nations. It is affecting our common life and the progress we have done with computer technology. I am talking about extreme patents over software. Our governments are letting companies like Microsoft to patent every shape and function that a software could make regardless whether they have invented it or not. Since the world is changing and many companies are seeking for alternate, cost effective and performance effective options; Fortune 500s and millions of users are switching to open source alternatives. Not just because of the price (free) but for the amazing performance and functionality as well. Nevertheless Microsoft still believes that they MUST have power among the cyber world by giving no room for alternate solutions rather than them. It is sad to see this coming and no one is doing anything about it.

On a good will, Google Inc. (my favorite software firm), developed a mobile operating system called Android. Most of the smartphones around the world have it installed. In case you are not familiar with it, Android is a Linux based, Open Source operating system with unlimited capabilities. But unfortunately Microsoft found a way to attack it. Regarding on Microsoft, Android infringes in several patents Microsoft currently owns and in an attempt to destroy Android, Microsoft tried to purchase Motorola Mobility because Motorola currently owns a lot of patents of Android and Microsoft tried to acquire the company just to destroy the success of Android. In order to avoid such situation, Google bought Motorola first and spent 12 billion dollars. This is truly the biggest acquisition Google has made.

However Microsoft is making smartphone manufacturers like Samsung and HTC to pay for royalties on Android. And in the last move (please check CNN article), Microsoft states that Linux itself along with all its distributions infringes around 235 Microsoft patents. Therefore all Linux users and distributors should pay Microsoft a fee. This is the part that pisses me off; When Microsoft takes the bit of room we got left. This is an invasion against all morality and the human kind.  The perfect world for Microsoft would be that everybody purchases exclusively Microsoft products letting no other option. And if you are a software developer you would not be able to innovate unless you ask them permission and give away some cash.

Please join this noble cause and stop companies like Microsoft to take control of our lives and avoid extreme patents over software and extorsion. Because a long time ago there were two guys called Richard Stallman and Linus Torvalds that believed that software like operating systems are necessary tools that need to be free and open. Therefore they created the GNU General Public License of Open Source that states that open source software are free and you shall not pay any royalties to anyone. Unfortunately our governments are not taking care of this license and they are letting Microsoft to overtake it.

Furthermore I encourage you to wear an orange ribbon or at least share this post on facebook and twitter to let the world know that you believe in freedom and that you won't let a single company to control your universe. We need to get more alliances and support Fortune 500 companies that are on the side of Linux and Open Source. We need to let them know that they are not alone. Besides we need to stop piracy as well. Because if we want the world to respect open source projects, we need to respect closed source as well. And even if you paid no penny to have Microsoft applications installed on our machine you are actually promoting them indirectly.

Please distribute the following banner in your social media...

More information:

Monday, October 17, 2011

Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot)

On October 20, 2004 the world witnessed the first version of the Operating System that changed the way we saw Linux. Ubuntu 5.04 (Hoary Hedgehog) was the first release made by a group of entrepreneurs with the willing of giving a better option rather than the "crashie" Microsoft Windows and the expensive Apple Mac. Before Ubuntu there were other Linux based operating systems but they were not meant to be used by common computer users. The user experience was made for advanced users only. Therefore a man named Mark Shuttleworth had the vision to make a distribution of Linux for regular humans. Indeed the name Ubuntu is an African word that means humanity. This philosophy became popular in South Africa because the Anglo-European population born there had better rights and more privileges than the rest. But with the philosophy of Ubuntu people understood that regardless the color we were all humans and we should all be treated the same. So the same theory applies for Linux; Because it should be made usable for all humans, not just tech savvies.

Ubuntu can be used for home users, business and for enterprise. But why would I choose Ubuntu when most computers come with MS Windows? The answer is simple: When you buy windows you are contributing to a series of factors that pushes technology, innovation, production and opportunities down. The key of success of Microsoft has not been innovation or technology; Microsoft has earned they success by copying someone else's invention and then patenting it first. They have purchased good projects and created patents for the whole code and paying a lot of money in court to avoid other companies to create similar applications. Besides Microsoft pays software companies for exclusivity. Therefore, a lot of software firms make applications suitable for Windows only. Giving no room for alternate operating systems and creating a huge monopoly that does not let others to innovate. Fortunately that has not been a problem because there are other software firms willing to create applications compatible for Linux based operating systems. And most of their applications are open source and free.

Advantages of Ubuntu:
  • Includes the Linux kernel to make it workable with linux compatible applications. Besides the architecture of Linux is superior than any other OS. 
  • Speed. Ubuntu never lacks and it always performs the same like if it were a fresh install and boots within 30 seconds.
  • Architecture. Ubuntu was made to protect your interests because you do not need to defrag your disk every month, re-install the operating system annually, run the antivirus, antispyware antitrojan and the desktop cleaner everyday. Fortunately Ubuntu is very hard to hack, very secure and virus-free.
  • Less Bugs. I have not seen Ubuntu crashing on me yet and you will never see performance issues or blue screens.
  • Visual experience. If you like the interaction provided by Mac OS X, you will fall in love with Ubuntu Unity's graphic user interface (GUI). Most of the graphic experience from Windows 7 was a cheap rip of Ubuntu. With Ubuntu it is so easy to access files, purchase music, and add more interaction to the windows.
  • Ubuntu Software Center. If you thought that it was going to be hard to find applications compatible with Ubuntu you were wrong. Ubuntu comes with the sophisticated Ubuntu Software Center. You will be able to find the greatest applications, check reviews, rating and certified to work in your system. You will find tons of free apps but there are some paid apps as well.
  • Ubuntu One. Ubuntu One is a service that will give you the opportunity to have cloud storage and automatic sync of your files up to 5 GB for free. Besides there is the Ubuntu One Music Store where you can find awesome music at a very cheap price. All your music will be syncronized with your cloud storage and you have the option to do whatever you want with the mp3 file you downloaded. No digital rights block.
  • Open Source. Ubuntu is and will always be Free! You pay no penny to download it neither licences fees. Besides it is open, that means that you can take the source code and understand how it was built. You can even copy the code and make your own operating system out of it but you cannot sell it or close the source.
  • The best of the best. in Windows you need to pay for the expensive Windows Ultimate to get all benefits. In Ubuntu there is only one version packed with everything.
The latest version of Ubuntu is the 11.10 (aka Oneiric Ocelot). So far it has fulfilled my expectations and beyond.

My personal desktop enhanced with screenlets.
Ubuntu is also available for servers and Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu, offers a lot of benefits and cloud storage for this version of Ubuntu.

The greatest advice I can give you today is to utilize Ubuntu as your main and only operating system. You can start with a dualboot, and then a full installation. You will first feel your desktop weird but once you find out all the advantages that Ubuntu has to offer you will NEVER regret.

Furthermore, I will leave you with a video that explains why Ubuntu is the number one Operating System the world has seen.

Ubuntu - Humanity toward others...

Friday, October 7, 2011

Steve Jobs, an inspiration for Ubuntu users

While I was looking for Steve Jobs history to write the previous post, I researched about a company called NeXT Inc. It was founded by Steve Jobs when he has fired from Apple. I noticed that the Operating System built for NeXT computers was called NeXTSTEP OS, a Unix-like operating system and the core of what we know now as MAC OS X.

When I saw the desktop it remembered me my favorite Operating System: Ubuntu 10.04 (narwhal). The Unity launcher looks quite the same as the one you see on NeXTSTEP. When Canonical decided to utilize a fresh new launcher instead of Docky, I thought they did it to avoid conflicts with Apple. Nevertheless it still looks like another Steve Jobs product.

Furthermore, I do not see it as a copy, Steve Jobs has been a bless for the world and an inspiration for the Linux community.

"We will always miss you Steve"...

Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Steve Jobs, my favorite business man

Today the world received a terrible news; the person that believed that computers could improve our personal lives rather than for large companies only has died. If you already watched the movie "Pirates Of Silicon Valley" you will understand how this guy was the key factor that let us have a computer at home. Steve always believed in making technology accessible for consumers. And always making sure that customers were going to receive a high quality and finish computer. That is why Apple computers does not have known issues like other PCs.

Apple has never copied another company; Indeed many companies are taking Apple models to make their own products (Dell XPS 15z). Steve Job has made so much innovation in the computer world that even Bill Gates owe him a lot.

I will always admire the way he led Apple to success. And even when he was fired from Apple (by a person he hired) he was able to start another company called NeXT. NeXT Computers offered high quality products with a Unix-like operating system. Therefore Apple soon realized that without Steve, they were going to nowhere and Steve soon became Apple's CEO. From there on Apple innovated the market with products like the MacBook, iMac, iPod, iPhone and iPad.

He has also been an inspiration for Unix-like operating systems users like me because he demostrated that a non-Windows OS can have a way more success.

Unfortunately a pancreatic cancer won the battle that was struggling you for a decade. But his legacy will remain forever.

Thank you Steve Jobs for being my inspiration in life! We will never forget the billionaire guy that made amazing product presentations in blue jeans, sneakers and black shirt.

I am going to end this post with some Steve Jobs thoughts. At the bottom of this post please share comments and your pain about this tragic.

“Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.” 

“The only problem with Microsoft is they just have no taste. They have absolutely no taste. And I don’t mean that in a small way, I mean that in a big way, in the sense that they don’t think of original ideas, and they don’t bring much culture into their products.”

“That happens more than you think, because this is not just engineering and science. There is art, too. Sometimes when you’re in the middle of one of these crises, you’re not sure you’re going to make it to the other end. But we’ve always made it, and so we have a certain degree of confidence, although sometimes you wonder.

“In most people’s vocabularies, design means veneer. It’s interior decorating. It’s the fabric of the curtains of the sofa. But to me, nothing could be further from the meaning of design. Design is the fundamental soul of a human-made creation that ends up expressing itself in successive outer layers of the product or service.”

“I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.”

An endless battle

When Samsung launched the Samsung Galaxy S, I knew instantly that it was made to compete directly with Apple. An despite the look and shape of the device; Samsung modified the look and feel of Android Vanilla to make it look just like iOS. But since the Apple iPhone and iPad were sold like cookies out of the oven, Apple did not paid too much attention to it. But when Samsung released the 9 Series laptop (MacBook Air-like device) and the Galaxy tab, Apple understood the target of Samsung was to convert the Galaxy line of products into an Apple-like business unit.

I have to admit that the Samsung Galaxy S looks quite similar to the iPhone 4; However Samsung made their own appeal on the Samsung Galaxy S II, Galaxy Note and Galaxy Tab. But since Apple felt attacked, they prepared some lawsuits against the South Korean giant to block the sales of the Galaxy Tab 10.1 in Europe. In the United States Samsung got to show their prototypes to Apple before launching a product to the market. Apple stated that even the box where the product comes is quite similar to the iPad 2. In a response to this movement Samsung prepared some lawsuit against the iPhone 4S in Europe and Australia. Samsung pretends to ban the sales of this device because it violates the intellectual property rights and free-ride on Samsung patents and technologies. In conclusion this battle had a beginning but no one knows when it will end. I recently saw in the news that the introduction of the new iPhone 4S led by the new CEO of Apple, Tim Cook, was a complete failure because without Steve Jobs they lost their dynamism and the product itself is not an shocking upgrade.

On the other had we have to admit that Samsung has become a leader on consumer technology. And on my personal opinion Samsung it the number one when it comes to home and personal electronics. Samsung used to be a very important partner for Apple because a lot of chips you find in Apple devices were built by Samsung. But Samsung is not only the technology genius behind Apple, Samsung manufactures Printers, Hard Drives and LCD Screens/Monitors for companies like Dell and others. So when you are purchasing a Dell product you are actually getting a Samsung. Dell closed the production of the Dell Streak because they are planning to launch a cellphone with Samsung's technology.

The problem with Asian companies is that they do not have an actual brand customers can rely and American brands are known for quality and customer service.

Furthermore, I am on the side of Samsung because they are part of the Open Handset Alliance led by Google to develop the Android-Linux OS and keep it Open Source.